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Who is eligible for vocational rehabilitation services?

Vocational rehabilitation is a process that helps individuals with disabilities develop the skills and confidence they need to find and keep a job. The goal of vocational rehabilitation is to enable individuals with disabilities to reach their full potential in the workplace.

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Who is eligible for vocational rehabilitation services

Basic Eligibility Criteria

The basic eligibility criteria for vocational rehabilitation services vary by state. However, in general, individuals must meet the following requirements to be eligible:

  1. Have a disability that hinders or makes employment difficult.
  2. Have the ability to benefit from vocational rehabilitation services.
  3. Be willing to work and participate in the vocational rehabilitation process.

Specific Eligible Groups

In addition to the basic eligibility criteria, there are specific groups that may be eligible for vocational rehabilitation services. These groups include:

  • Individuals with visual impairments
  • Individuals with hearing impairments
  • Individuals with physical disabilities
  • Individuals with cognitive disabilities
  • Individuals with mental health disabilities

Relevant Laws and Regulations

The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) are the federal laws that govern eligibility for vocational rehabilitation services. These laws define disability and establish the rights of individuals with disabilities.

Disability and Capacity Assessment

Before determining someone’s eligibility for vocational rehabilitation services, they must undergo a disability and capacity assessment. This assessment is used to determine the type and severity of the person’s disability as well as their functional limitations.

Individualized Rehabilitation Plan (IRP)

Once the disability and capacity assessment is complete, an Individualized Rehabilitation Plan (IRP) is developed. The IRP is a personalized plan that outlines the individual’s rehabilitation goals and the services they need to achieve those goals.

Application and Access Process

To apply for vocational rehabilitation services, individuals should contact a state or local vocational rehabilitation agency. The agency will assess the person’s application and determine their eligibility for services.

Services Offered

Vocational rehabilitation services can include:

  • Job training
  • Skills development
  • Job placement
  • Workplace support
  • Counseling
  • Occupational therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Other employment-related services

Success and Outcomes

Vocational rehabilitation services can be highly effective in helping individuals with disabilities obtain and maintain employment. According to the U.S. Rehabilitation Services Administration, 70% of individuals participating in vocational rehabilitation programs successfully secure employment.


Vocational rehabilitation services play a crucial role in supporting individuals with disabilities in their pursuit of employment and independence. If you have a disability and are interested in gaining employment, reaching out to a state or local vocational rehabilitation agency for more information is a valuable step to take.